Partnership separation: A fresh design to learn outcomes of stress on anxiety (-like) episodes

Partnership separation: A fresh design to learn outcomes of stress on anxiety (-like) episodes

The occurrence of a stressful event is considered to increase the risk of developing depression. In the present study we explore whether the breakup of a romantic relationship can be used as an experimental model to study a depression-like state during a period of stress in individuals without a psychiatric disorder. The primary aim of our study was to investigate: 1) whether individuals with a recent romantic relationship breakup (‘‘heartbreak”) demonstrate symptoms of depression, 2) how to describe heartbreak characteristics based on data from a comprehensive questionnaire battery, and 3) whether this description can capture severity of depression symptoms. Secondary, we were interested in gender differences with regard to the above study objectives. Subjects who have experienced a relationship breakup in the preceding six months (N = 71) or are in a romantic relationship (N = 46) participated in our study. A questionnaire battery was administered to acquire information related to depression, mood, the breakup and (former) relationship. Principal Component Analysis with Procrustes bootstrapping was performed to extract components from the questionnaire data. Even though our sample of individuals who recently have experienced a relationship breakup can be on average considered non-depressed, group-level depression scores were elevated compared to individuals in a relationship (p = .001) and 26.8% reported symptoms corresponding to mild, moderate or severe depression. We described heartbreak by two principal components interpreted as ‘‘sudden loss” and ‘‘lack of positive affect”, respectively. Highly significant correlations between the component scores and depression scores were found (p < .001 and p < .001, respectively), although these correlations differed between the genders. Based on these findings, we propose that the experience of a romantic relationship breakup is a viable experimental model to examine symptoms of depression in individuals without a psychiatric disorder. This way, stress-related coping and depression vulnerability can be studied in further research.

Citation: Verhallen Was, Renken RJ, ) Partnership separation: An experimental model to study negative effects of strain on depression (-like) attacks. PLoS You to definitely 14(5): e0217320.

Copyright: © 2019 Verhallen et al. This is an open accessibility post marketed under the regards to the brand new Creative Commons Attribution Licenses, and therefore permits unrestricted use, delivery, and breeding in every typical, considering the original journalist and you can origin try paid.

Connection separation: An experimental design to study aftereffects of stress on despair (-like) symptoms

Analysis Access: The content will never be held in the a public data source owed so you’re able to limits on the told consent (victims haven’t considering say yes to features the study in public areas kept) and you may Eu investigation privacy rules (GDPR). The knowledge are available toward consult. A data access committee might have been set up, composed of Prof Grams.J. ter Horst (Prominent Detective of the studies), J.B.C. Marsman and you may Prof Good. Aleman (head of your own Cognitive Neuroscience Heart), that will remark requests and you will to be certain use of of your own investigation. That it supply committee will likely be achieved thru

Funding: The research is funded from the a contribution out-of Mr Hazewinkel in order to the analysis College out of Behavioural and you may Intellectual Neurosciences and you can Prof Grams.J. ter Horst. Mr Hazewinkel had no role during the data framework, studies range and you may study, decision to post, otherwise preparation of one’s manuscript.


Stressful life-occurrences are believed are risk facts into growth of anxiety. Kendler et al. investigated brand new interplay anywhere between stressful situations, hereditary predisposition and you will despair among women twins and discovered you to each other inheritance and occurrence away from tiring situations lead to the fresh onset of depressive symptoms individually. Especially occurrences with a high impression, such as death of a close family member and you will separation, elevated the chances of developing an effective depressive event, as the almost all people do not write a good depressive occurrence following the connection with a distressing event. Which, search focusing on tiring and you can mentally hurtful occurrences deliver worthwhile understanding towards the personal variations away from stress-related dealing plus the link between worry and you will despair.

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